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Kittitas Valley Wind Power Project
Draft Environmental Impact Statement
Table of Contents

To obtain a hard copy of the DEIS, call EFSEC at 360-956-2121 and ask for the Kittitas Valley Wind Power Project DEIS.  Please use the links below to view the text of the Draft Environmental Impact Statement issued by EFSEC on December 12, 2003.

A public meeting was held in Ellensburg, WA on January 13, 2004 to receive comments on the DEIS. Written comments were accepted through January 20, 2004.

Additional information: Notice of Issuance of the Kittitas Valley DEIS (pdf format)


Draft Environmental Impact Statement

Cover letter to Reviewers

Fact Sheet

Table of Contents (including list of figures and tables)


1.1  Introduction
1.2  Purpose and Need for Project
1.3  Decisions to be Made
1.4  Description of Alternatives
1.5  Summary of Public Involvement, Consultation, and Coordination
1.6  Document Organization
1.7  Issues to be Resolved
1.8  Summary of Impacts and Mitigation Measures
1.9  Cumulative Impacts
1.10  Significant Unavoidable Adverse Impacts

Table 1-2: Pertinent Regulations, Statutes, and Ordinances
(PDF, 1 page, 11x17 format)


2.1 Introduction
2.2 Description of Proposed Action
2.3 Construction Costs
2.4 Mitigation Measures Inherent in the Project Design
2.5 Description of No Action Alternative
2.6 Alternatives Considered but Rejected
2.7 Consideration of Offsite Alternatives
2.8 Benefits or Disadvantages of Reserving Project Approval for a Later Date


3.1 Earth Resources
3.Vegetation, Wetlands, Wildlife and Habitat, Fisheries, and Threatened and Endangered Species
3.3  Water Resources
3.4  Health and Safety
3.5  Energy and Natural Resources
3.6  Land Use and Recreation
3.7  Socioeconomics
3.8  Cultural Resources
3.9  Visual Resources
3.10 Transportation
3.1Air Quality
3.12  Noise
3.13  Public Services and Utilities
3.14 Cumulative Impacts






Appendix A:      Vegetation, Wetlands, Wildlife, and Threatened and Endangered Species; Table A-1; Table A-2

Appendix B:      Health and Safety - Shadow Flicker Simulations
LARGE FILE! 47 pages, 35 MB

Appendix C:      Transportation - 9 pages, 4.5 MB

Appendix D:      Noise -  LARGE FILE! 8 pages, 12 MB

List of Figures

Figure 1-1:        Vicinity Map

Figure 1-2:        Project Site Map

Figure 2-1:        Project Site Layout, Middle Scenario

Figure 2-2:        Typical Wind Turbine Dimensions

Figure 2-3:        Typical Modern Three-Bladed Upwind Turbine Generator

Figure 2-4:        Typical Nacelle

Figure 2-5:        Electrical and Communications System

Figure 2-6:        Comparison of Various Wind Turbine Technologies

Figure 2-7:        Alternative A Site Layout

Figure 2-8:        Areas Investigated for Wind Energy Development

Figure 2-9:        Alternative 1 Wild Horse

Figure 2-10:       Alternative 2 Springwood Ranch

Figure 3.1-1:      Geotechnical Test Pit and Fault Locations

Figure 3.1-2:      Soils

Figure 3.2-1:      Vegetation Types

Figure 3.2-2:      Stream Survey Locations

Figure 3.2-3:      Approximate Perches and Flight Paths of Bald Eagles

Figure 3.2-4:      Approximate Raptor Nest Locations

Figure 3.2-5:      Mule Deer and Elk Winter Ranges

Figure 3.4-1:      1996-2000 Lighting Flash Density

Figure 3.4-2:      Typical Electromagnetic Levels for Transmission Lines

Figure 3.6-1:      Existing Land Use

Figure 3.6-2:      Existing Zoning

Figure 3.6-3:      Recreational Areas

Figure 3.7-1:      Construction Employment Schedule

Figure 3.9-1:      Photograph Locations Outside Project Area

Figure 3.9-2:      Photograph Locations Within Project Area

Figure 3.9-3:      pdf  Viewpoint 1: Existing Conditions

Figure 3.9-4:      pdf Viewpoint 2: Existing Conditions

Figure 3.9-5:      pdf Viewpoint 3: Existing Conditions

Figure 3.9-6:      pdf  Viewpoint 4: Existing Conditions

Figure 3.9-7:      pdf  Viewpoint 5: Existing Conditions

Figure 3.9-8:      pdf  Viewpoint 6: Existing Conditions

Figure 3.9-9:      pdf  Viewpoint 7: Existing Conditions

Figure 3.9-10:    pdf Viewpoint 8: Existing Conditions

Figure 3.9-11:    pdf Viewpoint 9: Existing Conditions

Figure 3.9-12:    pdf Viewpoint 10: Existing Conditions

Figure 3.9-13:    pdf Viewpoint 11: Existing Conditions

Figure 3.9-14:    pdf Viewpoint 1: Simulated View Lower End Scenario

Figure 3.9-15:    pdf Viewpoint 1: Simulated View Middle Scenario

Figure 3.9-16:    pdf Viewpoint 1: Simulated View Upper End Scenario

Figure 3.9-17:    pdf Viewpoint 2: Simulated View Gray Turbines

Figure 3.9-18:    pdf Viewpoint 2: Simulated View Brown Turbines

Figure 3.9-19:    pdf Viewpoint 3: Simulated View

Figure 3.9-20:    pdf Viewpoint 4: Simulated View

Figure 3.9-21:    pdf Viewpoint 5: Simulated View

Figure 3.9-22:    pdf Viewpoint 6: Simulated View

Figure 3.9-23:    pdf Viewpoint 7: Simulated View

Figure 3.9-24:    pdf Viewpoint 8: Simulated View

Figure 3.9-25:    pdf Viewpoint 9: Simulated View Gray Turbines

Figure 3.9-26:    pdf Viewpoint 9: Simulated View Brown Turbines

Figure 3.9-27:    pdf Viewpoint 10: Simulated View

Figure 3.9-28:    pdf Viewpoint 11: Simulated View

Figure 3.10-1:    Existing Average Daily Traffic Volumes for 2001

Figure 3.11-1:    Kittitas Valley Area Wind Rose

Figure 3.12-1:    Noise Monitoring Locations

Figure 3.13-1:    Fire Districts

Figure 3.14-1:    Cumulative Study Area for Kittitas Valley, Desert Claim, and

Figure 3.14-2:    Photograph Locations for Cumulative Analysis

Figure 3.14-3:    pdf  Viewpoint 1: Existing Conditions

Figure 3.14-4:    pdf  Viewpoint 1: Simulated Conditions Kittitas Valley Wind Power Project

Figure 3.14-5:    pdf  Viewpoint 1: Simulated Conditions Desert Claim Wind Power Project

Figure 3.14-6:    pdf  Viewpoint 1: Simulated Conditions Cumulative Scenario

Figure 3.14-7:    pdf  Viewpoint 2: Existing Conditions

Figure 3.14-8:    pdf  Viewpoint 2: Simulated Conditions Cumulative Scenario

Public Reference:

Copies of the Kittitas Valley Wind Power Project DEIS will be available for Public Reference at the following locations.  

Cle Elum

Carpenter Memorial (Cle Elum) Library
302 Pennsylvania Ave
Cle Elum, WA 98922-1196


  • Tuesday 10:00 AM to 5:00 PM 

  • Wednesday & Thursday 10:00 AM to 7:00 PM

  • Friday 10:00 AM to 5:00 PM 

  • Saturday 10:00 AM to 2:00 PM 

  • Contact (509) 674-2313


Ellensburg Public Library
209 N Ruby
Ellensburg, WA 98926



Washington State Library
Joel M. Pritchard Library
Point Plaza East, Building One
6880 Capitol Boulevard South
Tumwater, WA, 98501-5513
(360) 704-5200

Washington Energy Facility
Site Evaluation Council
905 Plum Street SE
Olympia, WA, 98504-3172

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How to Obtain a Copy:

Energy Facility Site Evaluation Council 
905 Plum Street SE
PO Box 43172 
Olympia, WA 98504-3172
(360) 956-2047

or by e-mail:


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